The IVE project is debated in a special session that It began after 4 p.m. and in which the majority of legislators will participate remotely. Only a little more than a dozen senators will be allowed in the venue, who will rotate, while the rest will meet virtually. The list of speakers for the session has 59 legislators listed, so the vote is estimated to occur around 5 a.m.
The project promoted by the Executive Power and approved by the Chamber of Deputies on December 11 last and with 131 votes in favor, has support and rejection in the Senate, although throughout the session, the Greens were gaining advantage and are approaching approval.
The situation seems favorable to the “greens”, thanks to the fact that two of the senators who are against the legalization of the voluntary interruption of pregnancy, the Peronists Carlos Menem and Jose Alperovich, will not attend the session and after the definition by the positive of the senators Olalla, Crexell and Leavy, the first two remained as undefined, while the Salta changed his vote from blue to green.
When opening the debate as an informant member of the majority opinion, the senator of the Frente de Todos and head of the Women’s Bank, Norma Durango, with green glasses and the scarf of the National Campaign for the Right to Legal, Safe and Free Abortion on the wrist, indicated: “Today we are once again witnessing a historic debate. Once again we have the possibility of legislating by and for women and people with the ability to gestate “.
“I come to occupy this bench on behalf of the women who died from clandestine abortions. Abortion is a reality and has existed since time immemorial. The alternative is legal abortion or clandestine abortion. And if the abortion is clandestine, women will continue to die,” he said. .
In addition, he informed that during the regulation of the project that the Executive Power will make a change in the wording of two articles, one of the modifications requested by the Rio Negro senator Alberto Weretilneck, which would ensure your positive vote. Specifically, the word “comprehensive” will be eliminated, where the ILE causes are listed and it is established that “abortion performed with the consent of the pregnant person will not be punishable if the life or health of the pregnant person is at risk.”
The head of the Health Commission, where the project also passed, the radical Mario Fiad, marked his position of rejection of the legalization of abortion and stated that “for Argentina one is a child from conception.”
“We are told that girls should not give birth. Undoubtedly they should not, should not be abused or live in violent environments, but the project does not solve these tragedies, the only thing it does is go underground, rape, abuse, the violence”Fiad warned.
The president of the Justice and Criminal Affairs commission, Oscar Parrilli, He sentenced: “We cannot think that if we do not get the law there will not be more abortions, they will continue to exist for a social sector with guarantees and for another with a serious risk of life. What we are doing is putting social equality among women ”And pointed out that there are 48 senators and 28 senators in the Senate. “The majority of senators vote against. Women overwhelmingly vote in favor,” exhibited.
The official senator, Dalmacio Mera, affirmed that in the bill of Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy (ILE) “the unborn child is not taken into account” and affirmed that “it does not mention it, it does not recognize it.”
The Catamarca, who voted against abortion when the Upper House analyzed the issue in 2018, added that “This law does not give any other option than the garbage dump for unborn children.”
During the course of the debate, the Legal and Technical Secretary of the Government were present in the gallery of the Senate premises, Vilma Ibarra; the Minister of Women, Gender and Diversity, Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta and the Minister of Health, Ginés González García, who stated in his social networks that “This debate, promoted by the feminist collective, makes us better and is part of a cultural and historical change that is impossible to stop. An unwavering fight for a fairer country and public health for all. It will be Law.”
The senator of the Frente de Todos for Río Negro, Silvina García Larraburu, who in 2018 voted negative, this year turned his vote and argued his change by stating that “no one can stop the advance of history.” “We are going through a paradigm shift and this change is led by feminist struggles. I understood that nothing can stop the advance of history and the legalization of voluntary interruption of pregnancy is the demand of the new generations,” he said.
“As a political leader I have to get involved with the paradigm changes because we are legislating for the future,” she said and insisted: “Two years ago I was in this room holding a different position than today. I am proud to say that today women in Argentina are state politics. My vote is for a free woman, my vote is a deconstructed vote. It is an affirmative vote. “
The deputy of Together for Change, Victor Zimmermann, criticized the timing of the treatment of this project “in the midst of a pandemic” and questioned that it is not known with certainty “how much this law will cost the State.” In addition, he asked not to vote laws that divide and justified his vote against, saying that the “The most precious value that any human being has, regardless of his religious belief, is life and in this context I take the opportunity to forward my negative vote to this project because life is not debated, it is defended”.
Meanwhile, the official senator Maria de los Angeles Sacnun He denied that the State is “promoting abortion” and clarified that this project “recognizes its existence.” “To believe that this is about abortionists or anti-abortionists is unacceptable reductionism, we are deciding whether the State is going to accompany women who decide to interrupt it”, he expressed.
In one of the strong points of the night, the official senator for Corrientes Ana Almirón, She explained that “when the feminist revolution says that motherhood will be desired or it will not be, it is not just a slogan, it is not an empty phrase. To say that motherhood will be desired is the freedom to choose, it is to have sovereignty over our own bodies ”. “Forcing a woman to gestate is a violation of human rights”added.
For his part, the senator of the Frente de Todos for Tierra del Fuego, Matías Rodríguez, was very hard with the position of the men before the debate. “Men have the obligation to accompany, under no point of view I can consider that men vote against the rights of women. It is they who suffer, are persecuted and tortured, as we have heard in the commissions, ”he said.
The radical senator, Stella Maris Olalla, one of the most anticipated speeches of the night, defined his position as positive and explained that “we are dealing with a law that refers to a health and human rights issue.”
“Maintaining the prohibition will not eliminate the clandestine system and there will be no improvements in the health system if we do not apply comprehensive sexual education. The IVE must be incorporated as a new enabling cause and in this sense the rights are being expanded. I advance my positive vote “, Hill.
In the same sense, Neuquina Lucila Crexell, who in 2018 abstained from voting, announced the change of his vote. “I did not change my personal beliefs, nor my way of thinking what I believe about abortion. I changed the way I approach the situation: it is not about feminism or religion, it is a silent cause that kills “, described.
What has changed since 2018? Nothing has changed since then. Women continued to abort in conditions of solitude and hiding. The debate cannot remain abstract. It must be given on concrete facts, while women put their health and often their lives at risk. I am going to accompany this bill ”, he declared.
The IVE project did not receive changes compared to the version voted last December 11 in the Chamber of Deputies with 131 votes in favor, 117 against and two abstentions. Despite the demands of various senators to include modifications, the ruling party remained firm in approving the initiative as is to prevent it from returning to the lower house.
Thus, the initiative legalizes abortion up to week 14 inclusive and provides that outside that period, access may be made through the three causes established today by non-punishable abortion: if the pregnancy is the result of rape, if the life or integral health of the pregnant person is in danger .
In addition, it gives a maximum time of 10 consecutive days for the pregnant person to access a safe abortion after requesting it in the health services. The project also proposes comprehensive health care throughout the entire process, as well as access to information on contraceptive methods.
During its passage through the Chamber of Deputies, the official initiative underwent a series of changes regarding the conscientious objection. Although the text did not enable institutional conscientious objection, as claimed by the celestial sector, a medical institution was allowed to excuse itself from carrying out the practice in the event that all its professionals are registered as objectors.
In the original wording, at least one professional from the payroll was required to be available to perform abortion practices in case a patient requested it. After the changes, the institution may refuse but must take over the referral of patients immediately and without delay, based on previously stipulated agreements with other health providers.
Social and prepaid works must include comprehensive and free coverage for voluntary termination of pregnancy, which will be included in the National Program for the Quality Assurance of Medical Care and in the PMO with full coverage.
The project also contemplates the pertinent modifications to the Penal Code to guarantee the decriminalization of abortion and the corresponding penalties in case of non-compliance with the law.
Thus, it decriminalizes abortion carried out with the consent of the woman or pregnant person until the 14th week inclusive and outside that period, provided that the corresponding causes are met and establishes penalties of three months to one year and “special disqualification for twice the time of the condemnation ”to the authority of a health establishment, health professional or personnel who unjustifiably delays, obstructs or refuses to perform an abortion in legally authorized cases.
Meanwhile, the bill also establishes a penalty of “three months to a year” to the pregnant person who, after week 14 “and provided that the assumptions provided for in article 86 do not mediate, cause their own abortion or consent to another I will cause it ”and clarifies that“ the penalty may be waived when circumstances make the conduct excusable. The attempt of the pregnant person is not punishable ”.