The kidneys are a vital organ of our body, they not only help to cleanse the blood of substances that can damage the proper functioning of the body but also help to regulate important aspects such as blood pressure, the production of some hormones, the hydration of the body and the balance of some electrolytes.
Due to all these functions that they perform, it is important to keep their functioning in optimum condition and to avoid or control diseases that can damage them.
Diseases affecting the kidneys
There are several diseases that can damage the kidneys, and this damage can occur acutely, that is, very quickly and chronically, that is, little by little and gradually.
In addition to diseases, there are also other factors that can force its functioning, such as a poor diet, drinking insufficient water and abuse in the use of certain substances or medications.
-Chronic-degenerative diseases can damage the kidneys:
Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure are the leading cause of kidney damage and are also the most popularly known cause.
Despite this, the number of people who reach kidney failure due to poor control of these diseases is increasing more and more, lack of exercise, unbalanced diets and poor adherence to treatments are the main reasons why present complications.
Other chronic diseases that can damage the kidneys are: heart failure (heart failure) and high cholesterol problems.
-Autoimmune diseases and kidney damage
When the body itself attacks itself and begins to cause damage, the kidneys are not exempt from this damage.
Diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and vasculitis are the main representatives in these cases; there are other less common and little known diseases such as Goodpasture syndrome or IgA nephropathy.
-Infections and damage to the kidneys:
In addition to urinary tract infections that can directly damage the kidneys, there are cases where infections that occur elsewhere in the body can cause damage.
Such as post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (a consequence of the infection is group A streptococcus bacteria), or damage after bacterial endocarditis (infection in the heart) and even HIV.
– Diseases of the kidney:
There are diseases that are specific to the kidney such as focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous nephropathy or minimal change disease.
- Chronic kidney disease
These diseases originate from a genetic factor and in most cases a specific cause cannot be established.
However, we must be aware of them, the main symptoms that they can cause are: swelling of lower limbs such as feet, ankles and legs, high blood pressure, urinating with blood (hematuria), proteinuria (throwing proteins in the urine), this is go with a urine test.
There are people who produce many stones in the kidneys (renal lithiasis) and if they do not have adequate control of this disease it can be complicated since the ducts that carry urine from the kidneys are obstructed, when they become obstructed they can cause significant damage that can even cause the blocked kidney to fail.
Dehydration when severe can also endanger the kidneys, since when blood stops reaching the kidneys they can stop working.
A major blow, heavy bleeding, a heart attack, a severe allergic reaction, major burns, or the overuse of medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or even excess aspirin can cause kidney damage.
It is important to be aware of some symptoms that can tell us that there is a problem with the kidneys such as: swelling in the extremities (and more if we also swell the face), urinating with blood, stopping urinating or urinating very little and especially if these symptoms are accompanied by fatigue, shortness of breath, or confusion.
In these cases, you must go as soon as possible to a health professional for proper diagnosis and management.