Colombia registered urban unemployment, a reference in the country, of 16.8% in March, 3.4 percentage points more than the same month in 2020 (13.4%), when the first confinement due to the coronavirus occurred.
The figure announced this Friday by the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE) marks a decrease compared to February, when it was 18.1%.
This decrease “reflects an important correction compared to what we had observed in February and especially in January,” when the country registered historical peaks of unemployment after a strict confinement imposed to stop the second wave of the pandemic, Juan explained at a press conference. Daniel Oviedo, director of the entity.
Since the beginning of April, the main cities have ordered new confinements due to an outbreak of the virus that has the health system on the brink of collapse.
In March, the sector that generated the most jobs was construction, which employed 152,000 new workers. While in the area of public administration and health and education services, 190,000 jobs were destroyed.
The urban unemployment index, which serves as a reference for the market, is measured in the 13 main cities and metropolitan areas, where most of the 50 million inhabitants of Colombia are concentrated.
In the national context, the country has a slightly lower unemployment rate of 14.2%. And informality reaches 49% of the population.
The report also shows the labor gap between men and women, which continues to widen: “The growth of the unemployed population (…) was concentrated in women, with an increase of 19.3% (…) compared to to the same month of 2020, “while for men the increase was 11.7%, DANE detailed in a statement.
Colombia accumulates more than 2.8 million cases and 73,230 deaths from the virus.
In proportion to its population, it is the fifth country with the most deaths from coronavirus in Latin America and the Caribbean and the fourth with the most infections, according to an AFP count.