This is the path that Mexico will follow to apply the vaccine against covid-19

The spikes of infections that are expected in the coming weeks in Mexico, due to the defections of the sanitary measures during these holidays, will coexist in January with the vaccination campaign, since doses will continue to be received until reaching 1.4 million in that month . Recently, the first 3,000 vaccines were given in Mexico City, Querétaro and the State of Mexico, one day, Christmas Eve, which started with the best news. Pfizer’s immunization requires a second dose in 21 days.

How many

1.4 million doses are expected from the pharmaceutical company Pfizer in January, which will arrive in several batches. President Andrés Manuel López announced this Tuesday that another 50,000 doses have arrived at the Monterrey airport and are already being applied and on January 4 another 53,000 doses will arrive.

Where

Immunization began in Mexico City, the State of Mexico and Querétaro, which will now be extended to Saltillo (Coahuila) and again in the capital of the country, where a good part of the large hospitals in Mexico are concentrated. “We plan to finish vaccinating all health personnel in Mexico City, the State of Mexico, Morelos and Hidalgo. We would be talking about five States with these doses ”, said the president. On January 11 there will be a qualitative leap —if nothing fails, given that there are delays from Pfizer in some countries— when 436,800 doses arrive, which will be distributed in 27 states of the country, whose airports will directly arrive. On January 18 another shipment will arrive with which those who have already been vaccinated will be immunized for the second time. On January 25, a new batch close to 500,000 doses will serve, again, to immunize for the second time.

Who

The first group will be health personnel, they estimate that about 750,000 people, including doctors, nurses, orderlies, cleaners and anyone who is on the front line against the disease. The Government estimates that the antigens provided by Pfizer will cover the immunization of white coats. Then, in January, the turn of people over 65 will begin and then the population of any age that presents synergistic diseases with covid-19, such as hypertension, obesity or diabetes, which are very pronounced in Mexico. After this round, teachers will enter, at least in those States where the conditions to return to classes are already in place, such as Chiapas or Campeche, States that are on a green light.

Other labs

Mexico has not only reached purchase commitments with Pfizer, of which another three million are expected in February and five more in March. By the end of 2021 the country is expected to have received 34.4 million doses. An agreement has been established with the Chinese pharmaceutical company CanSino for the reception “from January to March” of eight million doses and 9,000 volunteers have already applied it, as well as that of Janssen, which will be received by 2,000 volunteers. The CanSino vaccine does not require a second dose or cold storage. The AstraZeneca laboratory will receive its emergency authorization in January for Europe – it has already obtained it in the United Kingdom – and also for Mexico, according to Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard on December 24. Mexico will package 77.4 million doses in agreement with Argentina, where the active principle will be produced. Covax is the consortium sponsored by the WHO to distribute vaccines in solidarity among the countries of the world and in which Mexico also participates: there will be doses for 3% of the population in the first four months of 2021. With the active principle of the American Novamax is expected to immunize 2,000 people, an interesting case because it is a different technology. It is also counted, later in time, to have the German vaccine, CureVac.

How to get immunized

The Undersecretary of Health, Hugo López-Gatell has reported this Tuesday that it is unnecessary to get different vaccines, from different laboratories. Nothing would happen, but he explained that all of them provide sufficient immunization. Asked also about the logistics to apply so that the universal and free vaccine is not repeated in patients, he explained that the Slim Foundation already offered an electronic vaccination card in the past six years that allows faithful follow-up to those who have received their dose. It is established in 18 states. But López-Gatell has reported that the current Administration evaluated the advantages of this primer and concluded “that they had a high cost compared to their usefulness.” “It was far from being an information system for the National Vaccination System.” The undersecretary has explained that there is now another “very robust” information system at no additional cost and that it will be applied for the first time with the covid-19. The vaccine will not be mandatory in Mexico, but it will try to convince people of its usefulness, the president has said.

In how much time

Applying the vaccine to the entire population is not easy in any country, not even in Mexico, with some 127 million people, in a census of diffuse lines and many inhabitants in remote areas. The process is not simple either: you have to have the personnel available to immunize, so that the millions of doses that may arrive do not get stuck due to lack of alcohol, bandages, cotton, etc. Just as the face masks were missing in their day, the syringes will be missing until the market recovers. The whole world is being vaccinated or will be vaccinated, experts say. To all this must be added the difficulties of conservation, which are not few, since some models require 70 degrees below zero and without these freezers there is no way to accumulate the stock. Mauricio Rodríguez Álvarez, professor in the Department of Microbiology at UNAM, understands the difficulties inherent in the process and gives a clarifying example: Of the 36 million doses for influenza, only 60% have been used and the campaign has been going on for two and a half months. .

Corruption

In Mexico, the first complaints have already been heard in which it is revealed that some members of hospital management teams and their families are being immunized even when they are not on the front lines of the fight against the disease. The head of the Government of Mexico City, Claudia Sheinbaum, did not deny it, simply said that she rejected any case of nepotism in this regard. President López Obrador has also insisted on this: “I ask all Mexicans to help us so that no one skips the line, that we act with rectitude and equity, and thus we will move forward. Not because you have money will you be the first to get vaccinated, or because you are political or influential. Not that, that is immoral ”.

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