The draft National Law of Attention and Comprehensive Health Care during Pregnancy and Early Childhood, also known as the 1,000-day Plan, was unanimously signed into law this morning by the Senate of the Nation.
The initiative was debated at the end of the discussion on the abortion bill, which was also definitively sanctioned, after more than twelve hours of discussion.
The 1,000 Days Plan establishes a new allocation for Comprehensive Health Care, which consists of the payment of a Universal Allowance per Child to be specified once a year to help care for each child under three years of age.
The project extends the Universal Allowance for Pregnancy (AUE), which will go from having six monthly payments to nine, to cover the entire pregnancy.
The payment for Birth and Adoption is also extended to beneficiaries of the Universal Child Allowance (AUH), who until now are excluded from this benefit.
On the other hand, the public and free provision of essential supplies during pregnancy and for early childhood is foreseen, coordinating and expanding existing programs, and the creation of the Early Warning System of Births and the Certificate of Vital Facts in order to guarantee the right to identity of newborn boys and girls.
Among the inputs, mention is made of the provision of essential medicines, vaccines, milk, food for healthy growth and development in pregnancy and childhood.
The project seeks to strengthen the “right to protection in specific situations of vulnerability” for “girls and girls in need of special care in their early years”, “people who have high-risk pregnancies” or suffer from “thrombophilia”, ” women or other pregnant persons in situations of gender-based violence “and” pregnant girls and adolescents “.
An Administrative Coordination Unit “for the care and comprehensive health care of women and pregnant people during pregnancy and their children up to 3 years of age” is also created within the scope of the Ministry of Health.
The president of the Health Commission of the Upper House, the radical from Jujuy Mario Fiad, said that the initiative is “a true public policy for the care of our children” and asked “that it not be for good purposes because this project is expressed in future tense without deadlines or specifications “.
“I hope this project can be articulated with the rest of the regulations. It is declarative, it is not even said where the funds will come from to carry out these actions, but even so, we will vote positively so as not to delay the very few measures that it establishes,” stressed Fiad.
The official from Santiago de Cuba, José Neder, said that “in this context of a pandemic it was clear that health should always be a right,” when he began to defend the bill.
“For this reason, the government’s decision is to implement effective policies, not isolated, but comprehensive so that together they give an effective result,” he said.
Neder added that “it is an initiative that is part of the Convention on the Rights of the Child with the objective that public policies are in line with the standards that are proposed.”
“This 1,000 Days program recognizes a set of rights and lines of work between the different agencies because territorial equity in coverage is achieved by attending to the needs in large urban centers and in the deep interior,” he stressed.