The United States Department of Commerce announced Thursday that it added seven Chinese entities specializing in supercomputers to your list of sanctioned companies, considering that they are a threat to your security.
This is intended to “prevent China from leveraging American technology to support its destabilizing military modernization efforts“Said the secretary of Trade, Gina Raimondo, it’s a statement.
Thus, these companies will need a special permit to export and import from USA. ”Supercomputing capabilities are vital to the development of many – perhaps almost all – modern weapons and national security systems, such as nuclear and hypersonic weapons.”, Indicated Raimondo.
“The Commerce Department will use the full extent of its authorities to prevent China from leveraging US technologies to support these destabilizing military modernization efforts.”, Added the press release. The new rules, which restrict US exports to the entities in question, will take effect immediately, according to official information. However, the sanctions will not apply to products from US suppliers that are already on their way to China.
Among the centers affected by the restrictions is the National Supercomputing Center from the eastern city of Wuxi, seat of Sunway TaihuLight, which was considered the fastest in the world when it was launched in 2016, the first time that a supercomputer was made without using any American technology.
The latest list Top500, developed by researchers to identify the most powerful supercomputers, considered at the end of 2020 to Sunway TaihuLight as fourth fastest, with the top three in Japan and USA.
In addition to the one named, the Commerce Department added to its blacklist Tianjin Phytium information technology, Shanghai High-Performance Integrated Circuit Design Center, Jinan National Supercomputing Center, Shenzhen National Supercomputing Center, Center Wuxi National Supercomputing Center and the Zhengzhou National Supercomputing Center.
Beijing he responded angrily on Friday, claiming that the objective of the sanctions is “slow down China’s development”.
“US containment and repression cannot block the pace of Chinese technological development“Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said in a routine briefing.
“China will take the necessary measures to firmly defend the legal rights and interests of its companies”, He added.
The Asian giant is by far the country with the largest number of supercomputers, an expanding field with implications for cloud computing, climate research and advanced mechanics, in addition to military research.
USA is increasingly preoccupied with what he considers an intention of China from gaining seemingly technical knowledge to modernize your military. Tensions between the world’s two largest economies have been exacerbated in recent years, amid accusations by the United States that China continually steals its intellectual property..
Other points of contention are Beijing’s increasingly assertive military actions in Asia and its record of human rights violations, including repression in Hong Kong and the mass incarceration of Uighur Muslims.
The president of USA, Joe Biden, has promised to keep the pressure on China, an unusual point according to its predecessor Donald Trump.
(With information from AFP and the media) .-