Congress approved the law that modifies the retirement mobility index, with 132 affirmative votes, 119 negative and no abstention. The project had the support of the Frente de Todos and deputies from provincial parties, who completed the half-sanction, after approval in the Senate. The debate began on Tuesday morning and lasted for more than 10 hours between Chicanas and assaults, with the presentation of more than 50 legislators. In the end, Máximo Kirchner, the last speaker for the ruling party, showed the rubber bullets of the repression of the Mauricio Macri government when the reform to the retirement mobility was approved in 2017. He did so in response to Cristian Ritondo, the previous speaker of Together for the Change, who had shown the stones that were thrown at that time.
The main argument of the ruling party is that the new formula, which updates due to the evolution of wages and the collection of the Anses, retirements, pensions and allowances will gain purchasing power by overcoming inflation. The ruling party, together with deputies from the Federal Unit for Development inter-bloc, from Córdoba Federal, and from the Neuquino Popular Movement, managed to prevail by a narrow margin.
On the contrary, the opposition stated that the fact that inflation is not part of the formula will imply an adjustment. The rejection brought together the votes of Together for Change, the left, the Social Justice Party, Federal Consensus and socialism. The session was open at 11:40, after a quorum was obtained, and the debate began after 12:30, with the head of Anses, Fernanda Raverta, present in one of the boxes of the Congress, together with directors and managers of the organization.
Carlos Heller (FdT), president of the budget and finance committee, considered that with the new formula, pensions could grow between 8 and 10 points in 2021. “The formula is made up of salaries and collection, and public policies will lead to increases in both. The joint ventures are going to close above inflation and collection is going to grow due to economic activity and the tax reform of next year ”, Heller explained.
Marcelo Casaretto (FdT), president of the Social Security Commission, affirmed that the pro-cyclical component of the formula seeks that “retirees participate in the growth” of the economy. “By the 2008 law, retirees improved their purchasing power by 26 percent, and the 2017 formula made them lose 19.5 percent in two years,” he added. Anyway, Máximo Kirchner (FdT) announced that “they will not recover all the points lost next year.”
Instead, Luciano Laspina (Let’s change), stated that the current context “has nothing to do with the commodity boom that lasted until 2011.” In addition, he said that the law “can be criticized by the left and the right at the same time.” On the one hand, he said that “it unprotects retirees in an economy in a scenario of inflationary acceleration”, and on the other, when inflation falls and the economy grows, “the formula will be difficult to pay.”
Alejandro Cacace (Let’s change), affirmed that the objective of the law is “to put the hand in the pocket to the retirees”. He criticized that this year, if mobility had been in force, all retirements would have had a rise of 42 percent, against 35 percent that had the minimum and 24 percent that were granted by decree to the maximum. “They saved in 2020 100 billion pesos for this measure, “he added. Mario Negri (Let’s change) questioned Alberto Fernández for having promised a 20 percent increase in the campaign, and said that “he stayed with the banks and not with the retirees, because with the Leliq they had profits that had never been seen before.”
Jorge Sarghini (Federal Consensus) He asked for “prudence” when making projections on the hikes for 2021, due to the uncertain situation of the consequences of the pandemic. He affirmed that “the formula goes in the right direction because the relationship with collection and wages implies that growth is shared”, while “that of macrismo only had prices and can succeed when the economy fails.” In any case, it refused to accompany the law because it did not include a “guarantee clause” against inflation.
The deputies of the ruling party responded to the criticism. Mirtha Tundis (FdT), who had openly proposed that the project be modified with changes that were finally introduced, stated that “history shows that when the formula was applied for wages or collection, the increases were good.” “They talk about adjustment, theft, story and lies who told the retirees to put on a sleeping bag to avoid being cold, or They stole 6 months with the splice“Tundis assured.
Chicanas and assaults
Fernanda Vallejos (FdT) He responded to Alfredo Cornejo, who had stated that “the change seeks to please the IMF.” The economist said: “We hear about adjustment and the IMF from those who ruled a year ago, I can only wonder on what planet they lived when they ruled.” Further, Máximo Kirchner (FdT)He added: “Changing the formula was the first bump between the Macri government and the IMF.”
Nicolás del Caño (Left Front), shared the arguments of Cambiemos. “We are witnessing an adjustment to retirees, there is no crack,” he said. “All governments put them as an adjustment variable: Menem promoted the privatization of the system, the alliance with Patricia Bullrich lowered them by 13 percent and Kirchnerism refused to 82 percent mobile,” he added.
José Luis Ramón (Federal Unit and Equity), was one of the minority blocks that accompanied the formula. He explained that he did so because he considers that the economy “is going to rebound”, although at the same time he stated that if the economy continues in recession, as it has been for 3 years, “retirees are going to have a hard time.
The lengthy debate was not without its eccentricities. Javier Campos (Let’s change) He carried a stone to remember the 2017 mobility change session. Máximo Kirchner (FdT)On the contrary, he replied by showing rubber bullets: “This is what they threw on people that session.” Waldo Wolff (Let’s Change) During his speech he took out a package of flour, meat and milk to talk about the loss of purchasing power of retirees. Josefina Mendoza (Let’s change) He related the fable of the sheep and the wolf and concluded his speech by stating: “Always know the wicked so they do not catch you with their deceptions.” Fernando Iglesias (Let’s change) he referred to the vice president as “cleopatra of Tolosa” and the president as “Viceroy Alberto.” Pablo Carro replied: “His intervention is exclusively dedicated to insulting the government authorities.”