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South African desert cave has oldest known evidence of human occupation

To understand who we are and where we are going, it is extremely important to know our past. Therefore paleontologists, archaeologists and astronomers try to understand the origin of our creation. In this way, a pattern of behavior can be established not only for our race, but also for our planet. Under this firm statement, scientists study any feature that reveals information such as the case of a cave, which provided data never before recorded.

FayerwayerApril 27, 2021

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The cave is called Wonderwerk Cave, and is in the desert of South Africa, details Slash Gear. The identification they put on it means “Miracle” in Afrikaans. And those who study it say they have archaeological records spanning millions of years. Likewise, the researchers point to it as the oldest cave occupation in the history of mankind.

According to each corner and detail that they have studied in this cave, there is evidence that suggests the first interactions with the use of fire and the first tools. Something that scientists can say with complete certainty, according to the aforementioned portal, is that the humans who lived in this cave made simple Oldowan tools with stone as the main material. They explain that they have relics in these types of prehistoric items.

Likewise, the calculations made detail that all this activity happened approximately 1.8 million years ago. Oldowan’s tools or weapons are dated to have been created approximately 2.6 million years ago. However, most of the specimens found have been in open-air territories and not in caves.

Oldowan in cave, 1.8 million years ago

The researchers insist that this evidence gives them the security of recounting how these humans lived. “We can now confidently say that our human ancestors were making simple Oldowan stone tools within Wonderwerk Cave 1.8 million years ago. Wonderwerk is unique among the ancient sites of Oldowan, a type of tool that was first found 2.6 million years ago in East Africa, precisely because it is a cave and not an open-air event, ”said Professor Ron Shaar of the Institute. of HU Earth Sciences, according to Phys.org.

In the same way they detail that in Wonderwerk Cave there was a complete range of remains of fire. Among the burned objects are remains of bones, sediments and tools. In addition there were also ashes. The archaeologists analyzed a sedimentary layer 2.5 meters thick. It had stone tools, animal remains and fire remains using paleomagnetism and burial dating to arrive at the dates.

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