Bullying is characterized by a abuse directed at a child by one or more friends, relatives of the same age or fellow students.
Sadly, many cases garner the attention of the media; but they continue being a problem that the minor has hidden and that parents must identify and know what to do for the well-being of our children.
When we talk about bullying we refer to physical and verbal acts, which affect the child’s self-esteem, as well as his school performance and the ability or interest to socialize.
Signs that your child is being bullied
Bullying is present when someone constantly makes fun of a child. Teasing between infants and adolescents can look normal when presented in a mutual, playful and harmonious context.
Nevertheless, when teasing causes harm, is repetitive and unpleasant, crosses the line, becomes harassment and it must be stopped. Parents often do not realize it and we give you some signs:
- Sudden changes in behavior
The child may be happy and soon become sad for no apparent reason. Seeks to be alone and gets irritated frequently.
- Decrease or disproportionate increase in hunger
He refuses to eat, saying that he is not hungry or, on the contrary, insists on eating all the time. This is a symptom similar to that of depression.
You have a harder time sleeping, are drowsy, or sleep more than normal.
You may also have themed nightmares related to the loneliness, abandonment, or death of a loved one.
- Headaches or stomach aches with no apparent organic cause
These are psychosomatic pain that the child really feels but that does not have a physical cause.
- Physical signs, such as bumps or bruises
These signals may not be visible, but we must be alert if we see them. Remember that bullying is not always physical abuse, it can also be limited to psychological harassment.
- Refusal to go to school or family gatherings
Refuses to go to school or meetings with cousins and relatives. There may be the bully that the child wants to avoid.
- Poor school performance
The victim of bullying may suffer from lack of concentration and even misbehave in class.
- You feel bad after coming home from class or surfing the Internet
A sign that something is wrong is that the child returns discouraged, quiet and isolated from school. Let us also remember that today the world is increasingly dominated by technology, so the suffering of the child and the bully can be in social networks.
If your child your child confesses that they are harassing him, listen to him calmly and give him your support. Children are often reluctant to tell adults about these circumstances because they feel ashamed and guilty, or They worry that their parents will be disappointed, saddened, or have a harsh reaction to the situation.
Remind him that the person who is behaving inappropriately is the one who is bullying him, not the child. Assure your child that you will figure out together what to do about the situation.
Inform someone at the school about what is happening. These people can monitor and take steps to prevent further problems.
In most schools there are rules related to bullying, as well as programs to prevent it.
Also, in many states there are laws and regulations related to the subject. Find out about the laws that govern your community.
In case you are concerned about the safety of your child, you may need to contact legal authorities.
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