End of a male domain: women are now also allowed to drive subways in Russia. For the first time in its more than 80-year history, the Moscow metro now also has female train drivers. The transport company announced the hiring of the first women on Sunday. This was only made possible by a change in labor law. So far, the list of jobs in Russia in which only men are allowed to work included 456 jobs – now there are about a hundred.
Women are now allowed to work as captains or truck drivers, but they are still not allowed to take part in dangerous rescue missions or work on blast furnaces or extinguish fires. The list of prohibited professions goes back to 1974; Physically demanding jobs should be taboo for women in order to increase the birth rate.
In Germany, too, there were employment bans for women up to 26 years ago; today it is only available for pregnant women and nursing mothers. Originally, the passage of the trade regulations from 1878 was intended to serve occupational safety and protect women from heavy physical strain. In 1955, an employment ban for women in the construction industry in the Federal Republic of Germany, which was laid down in the 1938 Working Time Regulations, was reinstated. In the GDR, women were allowed to work in construction (and often did so as crane or machine operators). After reunification, the federal German ban was overturned in 1994 as part of a major amendment to the Working Hours Ordinance in Germany.