Work on what is built, brick on brick, but with a different “philosophical paradigm”. The formula of the Minister of Territorial Development and Habitat of the Nation, Jorge Ferraresi, to produce 264 thousand housing solutions in the next three years, it contains these two components: deepen the idea of access to decent housing as a human right, but with another imprint; for example, eradicate he concept of social housing. “In the bedrooms of these homes, a closet does not fit, a wheelchair does not pass through the hall, there is no room to store the car or have a grill. We want to change that. They all have to be the same, with the same dimensions and possibility of growth”, He assures Ferraresi a PageI12, as a synthesis of the brand new spirit of the portfolio that he has managed for just over a month.
If 2020 was the year of the construction of the first Ministry of Habitat in Argentine history, in 2021 the Government proposes to incorporate new characteristics into the area and a greater speed in the execution of its programs. The objective is twofold: to advance a comprehensive plan that attacks a housing deficit which is estimated in 4 million homes, and at the same time, assume the leading role that President Alberto Fernández expects him to occupy in economic recovery and job creation. To achieve the ambitious goal, Ferraresi proposes a ambitious program called “Own House – Build Future“which includes a set of measures such as the design of a second version of Procrear under new guidelines.” Own House is going to be the mark of a time where there will be homes like never before in Argentina, “the minister optimistically assures.
Federal Housing Program
He triennial plan foresees the construction of 220 thousand housing units through the Urban Development line of Procreate, from the National Housing Fund (FONAVI), of the Provinces and Municipalities Program, and the program Argentine Reconstruction. Likewise, it plans to generate 20 thousand lots with services for those families that do not have land, and provide 24 thousand loans for construction either in Procrear, municipal or own lots of the successful bidders. “These lines of action end up rounding a total of 264 thousand housing solutions for the entire Argentine territory”, Detail from the Ministry of Development and Habitat.
In the new strategy, governors and mayors play a central role in underpinning the priorities of each of the jurisdictions. They are responsible for directing the characteristics, designs and choice of materials that will be used in the constructions based on the idiosyncrasy of their habitat. In addition, planning takes into account the gender perspective, the development of places of care and places for boys and girls to practice outdoor activities.
“In concrete terms, 75 thousand houses will be built per year with the premise that every Argentine has the right to a home. And based on that, we are going to order the situation of the tenants, of those who have a salary that does not pay a bank loan, but who can afford some type of fee ”, summarizes Ferraresi.
In the coming weeks, a reversal of the Procrear Plan will be put into operation, created in the second presidency of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, discontinued during the government of Mauricio Macri and relaunched in the administration of Alberto Fernández. After the start-up left by former Minister María Eugenia Bielsa, at this stage the objective is to provide continuity within the framework of a new modality.
One of the newest aspects is that all homes will be paid for through a recovery system. There will be an articulation between the banks and the ANSES to supply a direct discount code that allows a percentage of the plan fees to be charged directly from the income of the beneficiaries. In this sense, Ferraresi clarifies that “Procreation has to do with a solidarity recovery system and not with a financial system”, And that from the creation of that fund“ everyone will pay according to their possibilities ”. The scheme aims to ensure that there are no economic conditions to access a loan, but conditions to be able to return it based on a solidarity program. “People know that they have to make an effort because nothing is given away. We have to recover what is invested financially ”, assures the former mayor of Avellaneda, who projects an exponential growth in resources that allows to sustain the growth of housing construction.
Under this line, the Government considers it essential to achieve financing mechanisms that complement public investment. Faced with an ANSES that is not in a position to contribute resources, today the only contributor is the National Treasury. Hence, the importance that Ferraresi attributes to creating a capital market that contributes to the program: “We are working with the banks and the National Securities Commission to generate instruments that grant us resources under the concept that housing is a right and a job recovery trigger. What cannot happen again is that housing is a function of the financial system ”.
The program “Own House – Build Future “ also focuses on zoning and convert rural land to urban land. “The State is going to give up land. We have to generate the planning of each one of the territories, fundamentally the second and third cordon of the Buenos Aires suburbs where urban land must be established ”. The Ferraresi Plan advances. A stage that proposes changes on what has been built, but that rescues a common thread that has remained constant since the beginning of Alberto Fernández’s administration: “The substantial modification is that we stop paying interest on the debt to pay off this internal debt that we have the Argentines that habitat is a right ”.