Varicose veins are the most common circulatory disorder in the western population, mainly in those over 15 years of age. Almost 50% of women have them, compared to 15% of men, so they are more likely to suffer from them.
According to the vascular surgeon of Clínica Indisa, Sergio Olmedo, this pathology consists of “a dilation of the veins, usually in the legs, due to weakness in the superficial vein walls of the lower extremities, since the venous drainage of the legs is against gravity (venous return) ”.
According to the specialist, there are certain factors that favor its appearance. Among them is the overweight, sedentary lifestyle, use of oral contraceptives, pregnancy, obesity and standing or sitting for long periods of time; even though there is also a hereditary component in a significant percentage of cases.
The vascular surgeon at Clínica Indisa, Ricardo Olguín, explains that there are many myths surrounding varicose veins. However, “the important thing is to define that they are dilations of the veins of the superficial system of the legs and they have nothing to do with heart attacks or strokes (as many people associate), therefore they are not serious ”.
What about the genetic factor?
Dr. Olguín comments that “lor that is inherited is the predisposition to develop varicose veins“. This, because in some people collagen, a component of the vein wall, is less resistant, which generates a greater tendency for the veins to dilate.
Recommendations before the appearance of varicose veins
Before the appearance of varicose veins, doctor Sergio Olmedo advises “consult before they become apparent. That is, when symptoms appear, such as feeling of heaviness in the legs, enlarged veins, ankle swelling or itching in the lower leg and ankle. That can lead to greater discomfort and some complications ”.
If you feel discomfort, these tips can help you in the prevention and initial treatment of varicose veins:
- Do aerobic physical activity to promote venous drainage of the legs
- Avoid and treat excess weight
- Wear graduated elastic compression stockings or socks
In any case, treatment generally focuses initially on relieving symptoms and avoiding complications, starting with controlling weight, exercising and wearing elastic socks.
Too there are some medications that help relieve symptoms but do not eliminate varicose veins or improve venous drainage.
On the other hand, when a patient has already been evaluated by the specialist with a venous Doppler ultrasound, there is the surgical treatment. Dr. Olmedo explains that “it is effective to treat venous reflux and remove varicose veins, but does not eliminate the possibility of developing new venous dilations over time“.