One of the most serious impacts of economic crisis of Covid-19 is the loss of formal jobs, mainly in Mexico City and Quintana Roo, where two out of three were reported seats eliminated from January to November 2020.
In the first 11 months of 2020, 369,890 places were lost in the formal economy, according to more recent data on the number of workers assigned to the IMSS, which meant a contraction of 1.8% compared to December 2019.
In 25 of the 32 entities there were decreases in the number of workers from January to November, among which the capital stands out, with a destruction of 160,323 formal jobs.
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Quintana Roo follows, with 93,109 places. Both entities account for 69% of the positions eliminated from January to November 2020.
The economy of the City is characterized by concentrating on activities related to services, so most of the formal jobs eliminated they corresponded to the sector of services for companies, people and the home, followed by commerce.
For its part, Quintana Roo was affected by the collapse of tourism, which brought a fall in formal employment of 20.1% last November compared to December 2019, the largest proportional contraction at the national level. The main losses were in activities related to accommodation, transportation and food preparation services.
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Other entities that reported high levels of loss of formal employment They were Puebla, with 33 thousand 504 places, which meant a contraction of 5.3%; Veracruz, with 25 thousand 549 jobs and a 3.4% drop, as well as Guanajuato, with 20 thousand 779 jobs destroyed, 2.1% less compared to the end of 2019.
In Puebla and Guanajuato, the problem of unemployment was attenuated by the important weight of its Automotive industry, a sector that since the middle of the previous year returned to productive activity, favoring the generation of employment; However, this industry has not been able to compensate for the loss of jobs registered in the service sector and others.
In sixth place is Yucatán, where 16,847 places were eliminated from December 2019 to November 2020, which meant a contraction of 4.4%. Guerrero follows, with 11,823 jobs and a 7.4% drop (the second largest drop among the states), as well as Sinaloa, with 11,545 fewer jobs, a decrease of 2.0%.
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On the contrary, there were seven entities that achieved a positive labor balance in the first 11 months of the year, among which Baja California stands out, with the generation of 46 thousand 354 jobs, an increase of 5.2% compared to those existing at the end of the year. last year.
In second place is Chihuahua, with the creation of 22 thousand 584 new positions, followed by Tabasco, with 5 thousand 602 positions; Nuevo León, with 2,590; Durango, with a thousand 231; Michoacán, with 501, and Sonora, with 346 more places compared to December 2019.
For all of 2020, it is estimated that the total loss of jobs in the country amounted to 820 thousand plazas formal, according to the most recent results of the survey of expectations of specialists in private sector economics carried out by Banco de México (Banxico).
If this projection is confirmed, in December alone, an additional 450,000 jobs would have been eliminated, as occurs seasonally at the end of each year, deepening the crisis facing working market.