After the arrival of the first 300,000 doses of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine, the Government is already preparing for the implementation of the vaccination plan against covid-19, which will have the Ministry of Health of the Nation as the governing body.
Through a document titled “Strategic Plan for Vaccination against covid-19 in the Argentine Republic”, the portfolio led by Ginés González García He explained that the vaccination strategy seeks to guarantee the availability of vaccines throughout the national territory, in order to cover the entire target population in a free, equitable and equal manner.
The national strategy is headed by the National Government and coordinated by the National Ministry of Health, and includes intersectoral participation with other national government portfolios, the 24 jurisdictions (through the Federal Health Council – COFESA) and the participation of experts from various areas.
What is the objective of the Strategic Plan?
The general objective will be to vaccinate 100 percent of the target population in a staggered and progressive manner., according to risk prioritization and the gradual and increasing availability of the resource.
In addition, an order of priority will be established in the target population to be vaccinated, the fundamental aspects related to logistics, distribution and administration will be prepared, essential priority axes will be established to evaluate the vaccination goals and the aspects related to the vaccination strategy will be defined. communication to build confidence in vaccination.
The vaccine will be provided by the National State for all those who make up the defined target population, regardless of health coverage and nationality; and it will be in stages, voluntary and independent of the antecedent of having suffered the disease.
The start of vaccination will be in large urban agglomerates, where the evidence indicates that there is a higher proportion of confirmed cases, with sustained community transmission and the highest crude mortality rates.
The initial provision of the first authorized covid-19 vaccines will be in limited quantity, given that the demand responds to global needs. Production will increase progressively and this will gradually allow for greater availability of the input.
This is why Argentina, like other countries in the world, will implement a staggered vaccination strategy in stages., in which different groups of the population defined as “target population to be vaccinated” will be incorporated simultaneously and / or successively, subject to the supply of vaccines and prioritizing the defined risk conditions.
What is the target population?
The text indicates that, due to the gradual availability of vaccine doses, it is necessary to establish the order of priority of the population groups to be vaccinated in each of the established stages.
The target population it is defined by epidemiological criteria, and its implementation is organized according to different aspects: logistical; availability of inputs and resources; along with other components.
Additionally, epidemiological criteria such as: burden of disease; mortality rate by age group; disease incidence rate by geographic site and dose availability. Based on all the criteria considered, a prioritization scheme can be established for the organization of vaccination of the target population.
The vaccine distribution criterion is established in consensus with the provinces according to the target population defined in the provincial operational plans and the availability of vaccines that may affect the initial estimates.
Criteria for prioritizing people to be vaccinated
The determination of the people who will have priority to access the vaccine will be governed by the following criteria:
RISK BY EXPOSURE AND STRATEGIC FUNCTION:
• Health personnel (staggered according to the Armed Forces, security and prison services personnel).
• Teaching and non-teaching staff (initial, primary and secondary).
• Other strategic populations defined by jurisdictions and dose availability.
RISK OF SERIOUS ILLNESS:
• Adults 70 and over.
• Older people residing in long-stay homes.
• Adults from 60 to 69 years old.
• Adults 18 to 59 years of age from groups at risk.
Likewise, the situation of those sectors that have violated rights will be taken into account: popular neighborhoods, people living on the street, native peoples, people deprived of liberty, migrants, teachers, university students and other groups.
According to the document prepared by the Ministry of Health of the Nation, It is estimated that 54,431,000 doses will be needed to vaccinate the priority groups, which number between 23 and 24 million people. In the published graph, health personnel appear at the top of the list.
Monitoring and control
Another of the key points of the Strategic Vaccination Plan is related to the care in logistics and distribution of vaccines. According to the corresponding characteristics, its storage, transport and cold chain must be guaranteed.
Preventive measures, such as social distancing, hand and respiratory hygiene, ventilation of environments, use of a mask and use of personal protective equipment should also be upheld.
Another point is that it must be ensured that all vaccinated people receive adequate information about the vaccine administered and a vaccination card containing the type of vaccine applied, the batch number, the date of vaccination and the date for the administration of the second dose, if applicable.
In this sense, you should inform yourself about the usual adverse effects, and the way to proceed in the event of any suspected adverse reaction. For this, it is necessary to have the corresponding resources: trained personnel and adaptation of physical spaces.
Finally, the document emphasizes the importance of communication on the safety of the vaccine against covid-19, to which they attribute a “key role” in maintaining the confidence of the population in vaccination.
“Effective communication will require planning and resources, which must be defined before the covid-19 vaccines are available,” reads the document prepared by the Ministry of Health of the Nation, where the vaccine is classified as a right and a responsibility.
Through different resources such as audiovisual pieces, advertising campaigns and the generation of spaces for dialogue in different media, the Government will deploy a communication task to generate transparency about the vaccination process.