Flat, oval, brown or black marks may appear on the skin, popularly called “skin spots.”
It is always advisable to consult a doctor about them, especially if they change in size, however, experts say that in most cases they should not be a cause for concern. Here we will see why they arise, how to prevent their appearance and what home remedies exist to eliminate them.
Dark spots can appear on the face, neck, hands, and upper back. Generally, they arise when something causes the skin to produce additional melanin, that is, the substance that gives skin its color. This can be due to many factors:
- Hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy.
- Consume certain medications.
- Effects of other skin diseases, such as psoriasis or acne.
- Being constantly exposed to the sun for many years.
- Wounds caused by an insect bite, cuts, burns or other type of injury, for example, pinching or squeezing a pimple or pimple.
- Using skin or hair care products that cause irritation.
Dark spots on the skin are often associated with older people or people with fair complexions, however, everyone can suffer from them. Try the following home remedies to combat them:
Ricinus communis It is a plant from which seeds are obtained, which when peeling and pressing them an oil is obtained (castor oil, or castor oil in English) that has been used as a home remedy against different conditions for centuries.
It is believed to be an effective natural option to protect the skin, thanks to its antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory effects.
- The most important vitamins to take care of your skin
Different studies indicated that its application is particularly useful to reduce the damage caused by sunburn, including the appearance of spots.
You can mix it with baking soda or other oils, such as almond, coconut, or olive, to massage and penetrate the skin. It is advisable to perform this procedure overnight and leave it to act until the next day.
There is much evidence on the healing, toning and deep penetrating power of aloe vera or aloe vera on the skin. These qualities make it one of the most used ingredients in the cosmetic industry.
Aloe vera is also rich in minerals and vitamins, such as A, C and E, which is why it acts as a repair of sun damage, fights the progression of aging, and stabilizes melanin levels in cells, eliminating the popular brands or Skin blemishes.
To take advantage of its benefits, just remove the thorns from one of its leaves, split it in two, and gently rub its gel on the affected area.
Onions are very nutritious and are characterized by their multiple medicinal uses. With regard to skin care, its rich content of sulfur and vitamin C allow it to fade marks on the skin.
A very popular home remedy to remove skin blemishes is to rub fresh onion on the affected area, leave it on for a few minutes, and rinse with warm water.
It is also advisable to grate the onion, so that its application is easier and it releases its juices better, increasing the penetration into the skin.
Horsetail (Equisetum arvense) is a shrub that is used for medicinal purposes, because it has chemical substances that can have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Its mineral and vitamin richness also make it a useful herb for the regeneration process of collagen and elastin fibers, favoring the control and elimination of marks on the skin.
To take advantage of its benefits, you can make an infusion and drink it, or let this preparation cool and then apply it with a cotton ball on the affected area.
The active ingredients in cucumber make it possible to whiten skin blemishes and soften the skin. It also has astringent and purifying properties.
For this reason, it is common to find it as an ingredient in many cosmetic products or to use it in the preparation of masks.
To take advantage of its benefits, you just have to peel a cucumber, remove the seeds and process it in the blender until it forms a paste. Apply it to the area affected by the stains and leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes, then gently rinse and dry.
Apple cider vinegar is characterized by being rich in vitamins A, B, C, and E, bioflavonoids, acetic acid, propionic acid, lactic acid, enzymes, amino acids, and minerals, such as calcium, copper, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, and potassium. Therefore, it is common that it is used to care for the skin.
You can use apple cider vinegar diluted in water to combat skin spots, soaking a cotton ball and making gentle applications on the area of skin affected by the spots. Leave on for a few minutes and remove with soap and warm water.
Does lemon juice work?
Lemon is a renowned natural bleach, and its use to remove stains has a long tradition.
Generally, it is used directly on the clean affected area, and after a few minutes it is rinsed with soap and gently dries.
Although this is a simple and widespread practice, experts advise caution or avoid it, as it can have counterproductive effects.
- What product should you use according to your skin type
This occurs because, like other citrus fruits, lemon has a substance called bergaptene, which by remaining on the skin can enhance the damage of sunlight.
Consult the doctor
To avoid the appearance of spots on the skin, it is best to control or eliminate what causes them. For this, it is advisable to have healthy habits, avoid smoking, always use a good sunscreen and not sunbathe in the hours of more radiation, and include in the diet foods rich in vitamins A, C and E.
If the appearance of spots on the skin bothers or worries you, do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist. After making a diagnosis, they can recommend different effective options, such as lightening creams, lotions, chemical peels, cryotherapy, and even laser treatments.
Until significant scientific evidence from human trials is available, people interested in using herbal therapies and supplements should exercise extreme caution.
Do not abandon or modify your medications or treatments, first talk to your doctor about the potential effects of alternative or complementary therapies.
Remember, the medicinal properties of herbs and supplements can also interact with prescription drugs, other herbs and supplements, and even alter your diet.
Sources consulted: Comprehensive Natural Medicines Database, US National Library of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, National Institute for Complementary and Alternative Medicine.