Despite the efforts made by the government of Joe Biden to contain the arrival of immigrants undocumenteds on the border with Mexico, the crisis continues. The White House reports that in March the Customs and Border Control Office ( CBP) deported 103,000 non-citizens under Title 42 of the United States Code.
In turn, officials said during a telephone press conference that the work teams continue to focus on attacking the causes that originate the exodus by sending delegations to Mexico and the countries of the Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras), from where the majority of immigrants in search of asylum.
The administration’s priorities include “attacking the causes that motivate people to immigrate north,” said Tyler Moran, special assistant to the president for national immigration policy. That includes “helping governments solve their own border security and control problems,” he said.
At the national level, Morán said the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) needed to implement technology at the border to increase the response capacity and detention of undocumented immigrants, and increase the response capacity to process detainees.
Needs mentioned by the official include the appointment of new asylum agents, as attorneys hired by the Office of Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
The role of these agents is key at the beginning of the process because they are the ones who determine the existence of credible fear.
In February CBP expelled 70,183 non-citizens under Title 42, activated during the administration of Donald Trump as part of measures to stop the coronavirus pandemic. The deportees correspond to single adult immigrants and family units that Mexico does not accept or reject due to lack of available spaces.
“Herencia” de Trump
The government also said that the Department of Health and Human Resources (HHS) was dealing “with the inheritance of the previous administration”, but that several federal agencies had also joined in solving the problem, a matter that the White House refuses to address. recognize as a crisis.
Among the measures activated as of January 20, when Biden assumed control of the White House, Morán cited the reactivation of the refugee program for Central American Minors (CAM), where the parents of the children will be able to request in their countries the protection of the less to the United States government and avoid the dangerous undocumented crossing to the north.
As for arrests at the border, Lise Clavel, CBP chief of staff, said that March had seen an increase of 71% compared to February (171,000 arrests). And that the agency’s priority was to “mobilize” Unaccompanied Minors (UAC) in the shortest possible time.
After the reversal of several Trump immigration policies, the Flores Judicial Agreement of 1997 and the TVPRA Act of 2008 became effective again, which regulate the way in which the government must proceed with the UACs detained at the border.
Both regulations prohibit them from being deported in an expedited manner and require an immigration judge to decide their futures in the country.
Biden has said his administration will uphold the law and uphold due process.
The White House also unveiled a series of short-term goals in the framework of immigration policy at the border. Measures include:
- Prioritize the reunification of UAC as soon as possible (90% are in conditions of reunification);
- Create more child care centers with certified child care providers;
- About 15,000 beds have been reactivated in authorized centers;
- Reduce and expedite the time of release and reunification of UAC;
- Streamline sponsor background checks to speed up reunifications; and
- Provide access to medical care and food for children in custody.
The White House report was released simultaneously with another report that gave an account of the finding of 5,600 files of families apparently forcibly separated on the border with Mexico in 2017, months before the official dates of a program authorized by former President Trump that was banned by the courts.
The separations, according to the previous administration, took place between the beginning of May and June 20, 2018, affecting a total of 2,654 families. But the Biden administration warns that the documents found may present a very different story than the one told so far.