An abscess can worry anyone no matter where it appears, since by collecting pus, germs, and dead tissue cause great pain and swelling in the affected area, one of the most worrisome is brain abscess: when an infection in the ears or sinusitis can reach the brain and cause serious health complications.

What is a brain abscess?

The first thing we must be very clear about is that any abscess is an infection that collects pus, a mix of white blood cells, germs and dead tissue, describes the United States National Library of Medicine, in the case of brain abscesses, the material purulento behaves like a intracranial mass, which is formed when bacteria from a primary infection located elsewhere in the body reach the brain.

A brain abscess usually accumulate fluid around affected tissue, which produces inflammation and high intracranial pressure that in most cases requires urgent medical attention, as if the abscess leaks, ruptures and pus penetrates the cerebrospinal fluid can cause meningitis and present a fatal outcome.

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You may also be interested in: Tooth abscess: when a toothache could lead to pneumonia

What are the symptoms of a brain abscess?

The symptoms of a brain abscess are the result of intracranial hypertension and the mass effect, which can be manifest slowly in a period of several weeks or conversely, come on suddenly, for instance:

  • Headache
  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Drowsiness
  • Fever and chills
  • Neck stiffness
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Language difficulty
  • Changes in vision
  • Soft spot
  • Loss of muscle function

Photo: iStock

According to the University of Navarra Clinic, the cause of a brain abscess is due to any entry of germs or bacteria that reach the brain in three ways: through the bloodstream, by a contiguous infection, that is, a focus of infection in the adjacent cranial structures such as the ear or sinuses, specifically if you suffer from sinusitis and the third, from a head injury causing a deep injury.

Even though a brain abscess is serious, exist treatments that can reduce inflammation or the size of the lesion Like the neurosurgical proceduress who take care of draining the abscess, the use of antibiotics, either vancomycin, metronidazole or ceftriaxone, whose antimicrobial spectrum can be useful for these types of infections in case the abscess is less than 2 centimeters.

Now what you already know what a brain abscess is and how dangerous it can be for your health, Go to your doctor in case of presenting any of the symptoms that we mentioned, that headache could be more serious than you think, Don’t let it pass!

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