Press "Enter" to skip to content

Abortion in the world: in which countries is it legalized and in which is it restricted or prohibited?


Aerial view showing protesters displaying green scarves in front of the Argentine Congress in Buenos Aires, on December 10, 2020 Source: AFP

Argentina today became the 67th country to legalize abortion in the world and the third in South America, joining Uruguay, which decriminalized the practice in 2012, and Guyana, where it has been legal since 1995.





The right to abortion varies widely throughout the world. The Center for Reproductive Rights, a global legal advocacy organization that seeks to promote reproductive rights, has classified the status of abortion in each country into five categories according to the degree of restriction: prohibited, permitted to save a woman’s life, permitted to preserve health, permitted under broad social or economic grounds and at the request of the woman (gestational limit varies). Argentina now belongs to category five (changing from yellow to blue).

A large number of countries incorporate causes to a greater or lesser extent to the termination of pregnancy. For example, Paraguay, Venezuela, Guatemala, Peru and Costa Rica have some of the most restrictive laws and They only decriminalize abortion if the life or health of the pregnant woman is in danger. On the other hand, other countries such as Finland or India, add causes that go beyond the danger of death or threat to the health of the mother, although there are also nuances.




How is the legislation on abortion in the world (map prior to the approval of the legislation in Argentina)
How is the legislation on abortion in the world (map prior to the approval of the legislation in Argentina) Credit: Center for Reproductive Rights


Approximately 970 million women, representing 59% of women of reproductive age, live in countries that widely allow abortion. While the majority of women live in countries where they can exercise their right to abortion, 41% of women live under restrictive laws. The inability to access legal and safe abortion services affects 700 million women of reproductive age, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights.

According to the World Health Organization, 23,000 women die from unsafe abortions each year and tens of thousands more experience significant health complications.


Permitted:

  1. Argentina
  2. Uruguay
  3. Guyana
  4. Puerto Rico
  5. Cuba
  6. Canada
  7. U.S
  8. South Africa
  9. Cape Verde
  10. Mozambique
  11. Guinea-Bisáu
  12. Sao Tome and Principe
  13. Tunisia
  14. Australia
  15. New Zealand
  16. New Caledonia
  17. Cambodia
  18. Vietnam
  19. Singapore
  20. China
  21. Mongolia
  22. Nepal
  23. Bangladesh
  24. Russia
  25. North Korea
  26. Kazakhstan
  27. Kyrgyzstan
  28. Uzbekistan
  29. Turkmenistan
  30. Azerbaijan
  31. Georgia
  32. Armenia
  33. Turkey
  34. Estonia
  35. Latvia
  36. Lithuania
  37. Belarus
  38. Ukraine
  39. Moldavia
  40. Romania
  41. Bulgaria
  42. Greece
  43. Macedonia
  44. Albania
  45. Serbia
  46. Montenegro
  47. Hungary
  48. Slovakia
  49. Czech Republic
  50. Croatia
  51. Bosnia y Herzegovina
  52. Cyprus
  53. Austria
  54. Italy
  55. Switzerland
  56. Germany
  57. Denmark
  58. Norway
  59. Sweden
  60. France
  61. Belgium
  62. Luxembourg
  63. Holland
  64. Ireland
  65. Spain
  66. Portugal
  67. Greenland

Allowed in certain cases:

  1. Chile
  2. Bolivia
  3. Paraguay
  4. Brazil
  5. Peru
  6. Ecuador
  7. Colombia
  8. Venezuela
  9. Panama
  10. Costa Rica
  11. Belice
  12. Guatemala
  13. Mexico
  14. Trinidad and Tobago
  15. Bahamas
  16. UK
  17. Finland
  18. Poland
  19. Jordan
  20. Israel
  21. Lebanon
  22. Syria
  23. Saudi Arabia
  24. Qatar
  25. Kuwait
  26. United Arab Emirates
  27. Yemen
  28. Oman
  29. Iran
  30. Afghanistan
  31. Pakistan
  32. India
  33. Sri Lanka
  34. Bhutan
  35. Myanmar
  36. Thailand
  37. Indonesia
  38. Malaysia
  39. Brunei
  40. Papua New Guinea
  41. Solomon Islands
  42. Fiji
  43. Japan
  44. South Korea
  45. Somalia
  46. Ethiopia
  47. Eritrea
  48. Sudan
  49. South Sudan
  50. Uganda
  51. Kenya
  52. Tanzania
  53. Rwanda
  54. Democratic Republic of Congo
  55. Malawi
  56. Zambia
  57. Zimbabwe
  58. Lesotho
  59. In Swaziland
  60. Botswana
  61. Namibia
  62. Chad
  63. Gabon
  64. Central African Republic
  65. Cameroon
  66. Niger
  67. Nigeria
  68. Algeria
  69. Morocco
  70. Mali
  71. Burkina Faso
  72. Togo
  73. Benin
  74. Win
  75. Liberia
  76. Ivory Coast
  77. Senegal
  78. Guinea

Prohibited:

The prohibition without exception of the involuntary interruption of pregnancy is foreseen in the criminal codes of:

  1. Honduras
  2. The Savior
  3. Nicaragua
  4. Dominican Republic
  5. Haiti
  6. Jamaica
  7. Angola
  8. Congo
  9. Madagascar
  10. Mauritania
  11. Senegal
  12. Sierra Leone
  13. Egypt
  14. Iraq
  15. Laos
  16. Philippines

* With information from the Center for Reproductive Rights

According to the criteria of

More information

BESIDES


Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *